On the Connections Between Discontinuous Galerkin and Flux Reconstruction Schemes: Extension to Curvilinear Meshes
Abstract: This paper investigates the connections between many popular variants of the well-established discontinuous Galerkin method and the recently developed high-order flux reconstruction approach on irregular tensor-product grids.
We explore these connections by analysing three nodal versions of tensor-product discontinuous Galerkin spectral element approximations and three types of flux reconstruction schemes for solving systems of conservation laws on irregular tensor-product meshes. We demonstrate that the existing connections established on regular grids are also valid on deformed and curved meshes for both linear and nonlinear problems, provided that the metric terms are accounted for appropriately. We also find that the aliasing issues arising from nonlinearities either due to a deformed/curved elements or due to the nonlinearity of the equations are equivalent and can be addressed using the same strategies both in the discontinuous Galerkin method and in the flux reconstruction approach. In particular, we show that the discontinuous Galerkin and the flux reconstruction approach are equivalent also when using higher-order quadrature rules that are commonly employed in the context of over- or consistent-integration-based dealiasing methods. The connections found in this work help to complete the picture regarding the relations between these two numerical approaches and show the possibility of using over- or consistent-integration in an equivalent manner for both the approaches.